robomimic v0.1 (CoRL 2021)#


robomimic v0.1 datasets is a large-scale, diverse collection of task demonstrations spanning:

  • multiple human demonstrators of varying quality

  • multiple robot manipulation tasks of varying difficulty

  • both simulated and real data



When working with these datasets, please make sure that you have installed robosuite from source and are on the offline_study branch.

We provide two ways for downloading robomimic v0.1 datasets:


If a low_dim or image dataset was downloaded, the dataset works out of the box! No postprocessing is needed.

If a raw dataset was downloaded, the dataset must be postprocessed since there are no observations stored. You must run For more information, see this page.


Below, we provide information on each dataset provided:

Proficient-Human (PH)#

These datasets were collected by 1 operator using the RoboTurk platform. Each dataset consists of 200 successful trajectories.

Multi-Human (MH)#

These datasets were collected by 6 operators using the RoboTurk platform. Each dataset consists of 50 trajectories provided by each operator, for a total of 300 successful trajectories. The operators were varied in proficiency – there were 2 “worse” operators, 2 “okay” operators, and 2 “better” operators, resulting in diverse, mixed quality datasets.

Machine-Generated (MG)#

These datasets were generated by training an SAC agent for each task, and then using each policy checkpoint saved during training to generate a mixed quality dataset. 300 rollouts were collected for each checkpoint, with 5 checkpoints for the Lift dataset (total of 1500 trajectories), and 13 checkpoints for the Can dataset (total of 3900 trajectories).


This is a diagnostic dataset to test the ability of algorithms to learn from mixed quality human data. A single experienced operator collected 2 demonstrations for each of 100 task initializations on the Can task, resulting in 200 total demonstrations. Each pair of demonstrations consists of a “good” trajectory, where the can is picked up and placed in the correct bin, and a “bad” trajectory, where the can is picked up, and tossed outside of the robot workspace. Since the task initializations are identical, and the first part of each trajectory leading up to the can grasp is similar, there is a strong expectation for algorithms that deal with suboptimal data, to be able to filter the good trajectories from the bad ones, and achieve near-perfect performance.

Reproduce Study Results#

Running Experiments#

After downloading the appropriate datasets you’re interested in using by running the script, the script can be used to generate all training config json files necessary to reproduce the experiments in the study. A few examples are below.

# Assume datasets already exist in robomimic/../datasets folder. Configs will be generated under robomimic/exps/paper, and training results will be at /tmp/experiment_results when launching training runs.
$ python --output_dir /tmp/experiment_results

# Alternatively, specify where datasets exist, and specify where configs should be generated.
$ python --config_dir /tmp/configs --dataset_dir /tmp/datasets --output_dir /tmp/experiment_results
  • --config_dir specifies where the config json files will be generated (defaults to robomimic/exps/paper)

  • --dataset_dir specifies where the released datasets can be found, and should be consistent with the --download_dir argument supplied to earlier. (if omitted, both scripts default to robomimic/../datasets)

  • --output_dir specifies where training results will be written (including model checkpoints, logs, and rollout videos)

Then, to reproduce a specific set of training runs for different experiment groups, we can simply navigate to the generated config directory, and copy training commands from the generated shell script there. As an example, we can reproduce the low-dim BC and BC-RNN training results on the Lift PH dataset, by looking for the correct set of commands in robomimic/exps/paper/ and running them. The relevant section of the shell script is reproduced below.

#  task: lift
#    dataset type: ph
#      hdf5 type: low_dim
python /path/to/robomimic/scripts/ --config /path/to/robomimic/exps/paper/core/lift/ph/low_dim/bc.json
python /path/to/robomimic/scripts/ --config /path/to/robomimic/exps/paper/core/lift/ph/low_dim/bc_rnn.json

Want to Run Experiments on Custom Observations?

We provide the raw (observation-free) demo.hdf5 datasets so that you can generate your own custom set of observations, such as additional camera viewpoints. For information, see Extracting Observations from Datasets.

NOTE: To compare against how our paper’s released datasets were generated, please see the script.

Overview of Included Experiments#

Each group of experiments below has a shell script (for example and a folder that is generated by the script at --config_dir (defaults to robomimic/exps/paper). The Tables and Figures below refer to the ones in this paper.

  • core: the main experiment results across all tasks, datasets, and observation spaces. This includes the results in Table 1, Table 3, and Table 16

  • subopt: results on suboptimal data subsets of the multi-human datasets (with the exception of results on the can-paired dataset, which are actually contained in core above). This includes Table 2, Table 17, Table 23, and Table 24.

  • dataset_size: results on the 20% and 50% size subsets. This includes Figure 3, Table 27, and Table 28.

  • obs_ablation: results on different observation spaces from the study. This includes Figure 2a, Table 22, and Table 25.

  • hyper_ablation: results on the hyperparameter sensitivity study. This includes Figure 2b, Figure 2c, and Table 26.

  • d4rl: results on D4RL datasets (see section below)

Quick Example#

Below, we show a simple example of how to reproduce one of the results from the study - the BC-RNN result on the Lift (Proficient-Human) low-dim dataset:

# default behavior for download script - just download lift proficient-human low-dim dataset to robomimic/../datasets
$ python

# generate json configs for running all experiments at robomimic/exps/paper
$ python --output_dir /tmp/experiment_results

# the training command can be found in robomimic/exps/paper/
# Training results can be viewed at /tmp/experiment_results (--output_dir when generating paper configs).
$ python --config ../exps/paper/core/lift/ph/low_dim/bc.json


  title={What Matters in Learning from Offline Human Demonstrations for Robot Manipulation},
  author={Mandlekar, Ajay and Xu, Danfei and Wong, Josiah and Nasiriany, Soroush and Wang, Chen and Kulkarni, Rohun and Fei-Fei, Li and Savarese, Silvio and Zhu, Yuke and Mart{\'\i}n-Mart{\'\i}n, Roberto},
  booktitle={5th Annual Conference on Robot Learning},